This forced the Kuomintang to relocate the Government and institutions of the Republic of China to the relative safety of Taiwanan island which was placed under the control of the Republic of China after the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II in With the establishment of the People's Republic of China on October 1,the CPC-controlled government saw itself as the sole legitimate government of China,  competing with the claims of the Republic of Chinawhose authority is now limited to Taiwan and other islands. This has resulted in a situation in which two co-existing governments compete for international legitimacy and recognition as the "government of China". The phrase "mainland China" emerged as a politically neutral term to refer to the area under control of the Communist Party of China, and later to the administration of the PRC itself.
Hong Kong versus China: Is Hong Kong a de facto country or is it truly a part of China?
As with many things in Hong Kong, the answer is not clear cut. During these military and trade clashes, China was forced to cede Hong Kong Island and a part of Kowloon to Great Britain in perpetuity.
InBritain negotiated a major Economics mainland china expansion of the Hong Kong colony and signed a year lease with China. The Basic Law defines the limited autonomy of Hong Kong. Both share the President of China as their chief of state.
However, each has its own head of government: The premier is the head of mainland China, while the chief executive is the head of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.
The term of the chief executive is for five years, and any person can serve for a maximum of two consecutive terms. Despite the separation in systems and right guaranteed by the Basic Law, the mainland Chinese government does assert itself in local Hong Kong politics.
However, for land tenure and family matters, Hong Kong reverts to the Chinese customary law model.
Hong Kong may not maintain its own military; the mainland manages the military defense of Hong Kong. In international diplomacy, Hong Kong has no separate identify from mainland China.
It can also participate in trade-related events and agreements under the name "Hong Kong, China. Foreign countries may have consulate offices in Hong Kong, but locate their main Chinese embassies on the mainland.
Both must obtain permission before visiting the other region. Even foreign tourists who visit Hong Kong must obtain a separate visa before entering China. This principle has given Hong Kong the freedom to continue with its free-enterprise system, rather than merging into the communistic structure in China.
The region has its own policies related to money, financetrade, customs and foreign exchange. Hong Kong and mainland China even use different currencies.
The mainland uses the Chinese yuan as legal tender. Merchants in Hong Kong do not freely accept the yuan. Even in times of twisted diplomatic relations, the economic ties have remained strong between mainland and its SAR.July 12, Topic: Economics Region: East Asia.
Tags: Taiwan People's Republic of China trade Can Taiwan Withstand China's Economic Might? Chinese bullying is drying up sources of trade. Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, is the geopolitical as well as geographical area under the direct jurisdiction of the People's Republic of China (PRC).
It includes Hainan island and strictly speaking, politically, does not include the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, even though both are partially on the geographic mainland (continental landmass).
(Most recent first, backwards to the earliest,) 18 sole-authored, 1 co-authored. [See also Books in Preparation and Projected at the end of this list] Short books and long pamphlets indented and in small type; [ ] = in press.
Mahon China was founded in by New Zealander David Mahon and was a pioneer of private equity in the mainland. The firm managed five funds which realised high returns for investors, and successfully exited from its fifth fund at the end of According to China's Customs Statistics, bilateral trade between the Mainland and Hong Kong amounted to US$billion (% of the Mainland's total external trade) in Of which exports from the Chinese Mainland to Hong Kong stood at US$ billion, making Hong Kong the .
Over the past decade, China has opened its economy further and more investors are doing business directly with the mainland, causing Hong Kong to lose its relevance as a gateway.