Iron deficiency anemia

Perkins also has extensive experience working in home health with medically fragile pediatric patients. A blood sample ready for testing in a hemotology lab. Red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body, so either a decreased number of red blood cells or a lack of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying part of the cell, can cause anemia.

Iron deficiency anemia

Athletics[ edit ] Possible reasons that athletics may contribute to lower iron levels includes mechanical hemolysis destruction of red blood cells from physical impactloss of iron through sweat and urine, gastrointestinal blood loss, and haematuria presence of blood in urine. Exercise-induced gastrointestinal bleeding is most likely to occur in endurance athletes.

Haematuria in athletes is most likely to occur in those that undergo repetitive impacts on the body, particularly affecting the feet such as running on a hard road, or Kendo and hands e. Conga or Candombe drumming. Additionally, athletes in sports that emphasize weight loss e. Low serum ferritin see below Low serum iron High TIBC total iron binding capacityalthough this can be elevated in cases of anemia of Iron deficiency anemia inflammation.

It is possible that the fecal occult blood test might be positive, if iron deficiency is the result of gastrointestinal bleeding ; although the sensitivity of the test may mean that in some cases it will be negative even with enteral blood loss.

As always, laboratory values have to be interpreted with the lab's reference values in mind and considering all aspects of the individual clinical situation. Serum ferritin can be elevated in inflammatory conditions; so a normal serum ferritin may not always exclude iron deficiency, and the utility is improved by taking a concurrent C-reactive protein CRP.

The level of serum ferritin that is viewed as "high" depends on the condition. For example, in inflammatory bowel disease the threshold iswhere as in chronic heart failure CHF the levels are Treatment[ edit ] Before commencing treatment, there should be definitive diagnosis of the underlying cause for iron deficiency.

Iron deficiency anemia

This is particularly the case in older patients, who are most susceptible to colorectal cancer and the gastrointestinal bleeding it often causes. Upon diagnosis, the condition can be treated with iron supplements. The choice of supplement will depend upon both the severity of the condition, the required speed of improvement e.

Examples of oral iron that are often used are ferrous sulfateferrous gluconateor amino acid chelate tablets. Because iron is a requirement for most plants and animals, a wide range of foods provide iron. Good sources of dietary iron have heme -iron, as this is most easily absorbed and is not inhibited by medication or other dietary components.

Three examples are red meatpoultryand insects. Examples are lentilsbeansleafy vegetablespistachiostofufortified bread, and fortified breakfast cereals.

Iron deficiency anemia: Causes, symptoms, and management

Iron from different foods is absorbed and processed differently by the body; for instance, iron in meat heme-iron source is more easily absorbed than iron in grains and vegetables "non-heme" iron sources.

Because iron from plant sources is less easily absorbed than the heme-bound iron of animal sources, vegetarians and vegans should have a somewhat higher total daily iron intake than those who eat meat, fish or poultry.

However, spinach and Swiss chard contain oxalates which bind iron, making it almost entirely unavailable for absorption. This is due to a hypothesised "meat factor" which enhances iron absorption.INTRODUCTION — More than a quarter of the world's population is anemic, with about one-half of the burden from iron deficiency.

The prevention and treatment of iron deficiency is a major public health goal, especially in women, children, and individuals in low-income countries. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when the body does not have enough iron.

It is the most common form of anemia and symptoms can include general fatigue, shortness of breath, and tongue swelling. We. PREFACE Iron deficiency anemia is the most common micronutrient deficiency in the world today.

It impacts the lives of millions of women and children contributing to poor.

Iron deficiency anemia

Apr 05,  · Iron deficiency is defined as a decreased total iron body content. Iron deficiency anemia occurs when iron deficiency is severe enough to diminish erythropoiesis and cause the development of anemia.

Iron-deficiency anemia affects more women than men. The risk of iron-deficiency anemia is highest for women who: Are pregnant. Iron-deficiency anemia affects one in six pregnant women. 1 You need more iron during pregnancy to support your unborn baby’s development.

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Have heavy menstrual periods. For More information on Iron Deficiency Anemia, Visit What is iron deficiency? Iron deficiency is a condition resulting from too little iron in the body.

Case study- Iron deficiency anemia | Biochemistry for Medics – Lecture Notes